crimea

Crimea's History

Greeks, Persians, Romans, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Khazars, Mongols, Kieven Rus, Venetians, Genoese, Turks, Russians and Germans have all conquered this beautiful Black Sea peninsula over time. Long before the Greeks established colonies in Crimea in the 5nd Century BC, Crimea was home to a thriving civilisation of Cimmerians. During the Dark and Middle Ages Crimea was fought over by all nearby powers but in 1441 fell to the Turkish Ottoman Empire which remained until 1783, when Crimea was annexed by the Tsarist Russia. Intermarriage of races eventually formed the Crimean Tartar race and language under Ottoman rule. During the Crimean War of 1853-56 much of the territory was devastated and large numbers of locals left. In WWII the Germans overran Crimea in fierce fighting but the Red Army returned in 1944. In revenge for Tartar support of Nazi Germany the entire population was deported to Soviet Central Asia, but they returned in the 1990s.

Our Pick

Crimea

The Swallows Nest restaurant, overlooking the Black Sea is guaranteed to be one of the most memorable dinners you’ll ever enjoy. Book ahead and enjoy the fairytale setting. European Country more info

Right Now

To celebrate 300 years of Russian rule over Ukraine in 1954 Crimea the USSR made the "symbolic gesture" of transferring Crimea from Russia to Ukraine without consulting them. In 2014 following the overthrow of Ukraine's elected government, a referendum was held in Crimea where 97% of voters supported rejoining Russia. For geo-political reasons the EU and NATO have chosen to use the democratic transfer of Crimea from Ukraine to Russia to impose sanctions. Today ethnic Russians comprise 52% of the peninsula's multicultural population with Muslim minority Tartars making up around 18%. The declining value of the Russian ruble is once again making Crimea a cheap and popular holiday destination for Russians who come to enjoy the famous wines and sun of Russia's Riviera.