Turkey's History

Ancient history begins in Turkey with the area one of the longest settled regions on earth. The first power to rise were the Hittites from 18-13th Centuries BC followed by many Indo-European cultures until Greek colonies were settled from 1200BC on the Aegean coast, while the Persians moved in from the west. By the 1st Century BC all Hellenistic states had been incorporated into the Roman Empire which lasted until 29 May 1453 when the Ottoman Turks finally captured Constantinople, the capital of the Roman Empire (Byzantium) since 330. The mighty and glorious Ottoman Empire made up of Seljuk Turks from Central Asia expanded, reaching its zenith under Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th Century and declining until finally defeated in WWI. In 1923 modern Turkey was born when Mustafa Kemal Atatürk began his liberal and westernised Republic. Turkey stayed out of WWII and during the Cold War sided with the Capitalist West.

Our Pick


Turkey is one of the world’s best serviced ferry destinations, so while here book a short trip to Greece, Cyprus, Bulgaria or anywhere, and enjoy a wonderful sea voyage with fresh air. European Country more info

Right Now

In May 2013 many cities erupted into protests at the heavy handedness of the country's bossy Prime Minister, who is seen by many as a latter day Sultan or alternatively as 'too Islamic'. However under Erdogan, Turkey has remained friendly with Israel and is actively helping to see Israel's long term goal of crushing Syria fulfilled. While Turkey's government provokes the civil war in neigbouring Syria, it crushes opposition at home. As a consequence tourists have stayed away in droves and the economy in tourist regions is slowing. Turkey is still actively pursuing EU membership, despite Turkey outperforming European economies, especially their rivals, Greece and Cyprus. Turkish Airlines is considered by many as Europe's best.

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