Wales's History

Celtic chiefs ruled Wales until the Romans included Wales within Britannia. Welsh independence ended with the defeat of their King Llewellyn by the Norman King Edward I. The legendary King Arthur was probably Welsh. Wales was joined with England between 1535-42 however it was given a degree of autonomy in 1999 and there is now a National Assembly of Wales which oversees many local responsibilities. Wales since medieval times has been a Principality with the British throne's heir assumptive taking up the title of Prince of Wales and his spouse the Princess of Wales. From the 1911 investiture of the future Edward VIII the event has been a major celebration of Welsh culture. The Welsh economy grew from the wealth of its coal deposits which fell on hard times from the 1980's with Margaret Thatcher's determination to end coal production subsidization.

Our Pick


Journey through Wales’s most spectacular countryside passed Medievel castles and the Snowdonia National Park to Anglesey Island where you can cross the Irish Sea to Dublin. European Country more info

Right Now

Prince Charles takes his duties as Prince of Wales very seriously. He speaks Welsh fluently an achievement a small minority of Wales's population can match. Wales has a vibrant culture flavoured by its Celtic heritage and Welsh language traditions. Wales has been particularly hard hit by the decline of British manufacturing however the economy has made valiant attempts at diversifying. ‘Dr Who' fans might know that the cult show is produced in Wales's capital Cardiff. Wales's countryside and rugged coastline is scattered with medieval castles and cathedrals which draw millions of thrilled tourists annually.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player